If you want to learn about diamonds, you have come to the right place. Brilliant Earth has a wealth of knowledge when it comes to how to pick out the best diamond for your budget along with an excellent selection of diamonds to choose from.

Diamond’s cut A diamond’s cut does not refer to the shape of a diamond such as heart, round, oval, pear, or marquise, but rather refers to the way the diamond reflects light. Cuts are rated on a five-point scale from excellent to poor.

What follows is a list of characteristics professionals look at when determining the cut of a diamond.

Brightness: external and internal light reflected from a diamond

Fire: how the white light scatters into all colors of the rainbow

Scintillation: the amount of sparkle produced by the diamond and the pattern of dark and light areas made by reflections within the diamond

Diamond’s Color Diamond color is rated based on the absence of color. The GIA, or Gemological Institute of America, rates diamonds based on a scale of D to Z. Diamonds rated D through J are perfectly colorless to the naked eye. So, if you are that person looking to save money, selecting an H, l, or J can be helpful in this regard. D to F, or colorless diamonds, should only be set in white gold or platinum to accentuate the colorless effect. Since color is harder to spot in smaller diamonds, choose a smaller carat for a better look in a mid-range color stone. Also, try to pick a shape with many facets to further help hide the color.

Diamond’s Clarity Diamond clarity simply refers to the absence of blemishes, or external imperfections, and inclusions, or internal imperfections. These internal imperfections may affect brilliance and transparency. Clarity is measured using 11 grades. Again, most imperfections cannot be seen with the naked eye, so there is no need to get a flawless diamond for it to be visually stunning.

Carat Weight A carat is a measure of weight equal to 0.2 grams. It comes from ancient traders using a carob seed to balance a scale in order to weigh gemstones. Price increases exponentially as the carat of the diamond increases so if you have an idea of the perfect shape, cut, color, and clarity, choosing a smaller carat diamond can help you select a beautiful and affordable diamond. Look for underweight diamonds or diamonds under the desired cutoff weight. Cutoff weights for diamonds include 0.50 carats, 1.00 carats, and 2 00 carats.

To summarize, many characteristics of diamonds are not visible to the naked eye, so you have many opportunities to buy a visually stunning diamond within your price range due to imperceptible blemishes and flaws.